If you are suffering from leg or knee joint pain, come see the orthopaedic doctors at DFP Orthopaedic Surgery in Kansas City. From osteotomy of the knee to joint reconstruction to total knee joint replacement, the physicians at DFP are knee specialists.
We can perform minimally invasive total knee replacement surgery, cemented and cementless knee replacement, knee replacement implants, meniscal transplants, and more. We have access to the latest technology including arthroscopy to make your surgery and recovery as painless as possible.
The knee joint is made up of the lower end of the femur (thigh bone), the upper end of the tibia (thigh bone), and the knee cap. Large ligaments attach to the bones and help control motion.
The meniscus is a wedge of cartilage located between the thigh and shin bones which acts as a cushion and a shock absorber. The knee is the largest joint in the body and also one of the easiest to injure. It’s no wonder that joint pain problems are the most common reason to visit an orthopaedic knee and leg doctor.
Common Knee Injuries
The most common knee injuries involve pulled ligaments. Because there are four major ligaments found in the knee. The ones you hear about most involve the ACL (anterior cruciate ligament), the MCL (medial collateral ligament) and occasionally, the PCL (posterior cruciate ligament). The ACL usually tears when an athlete changes direction rapidly, slows down when running, or lands from a jump. MCL injuries happen when the knee sustains a direct blow to the outside.
A blow to the front of the knee, or sometimes a simple misstep is usually the cause of a PCL injury. Torn cartilage usually means the meniscus is damaged. Twisting, pivoting, decelerating rapidly, or direct contact can cause a cartilage tear. If you experience joint pain, hear a popping noise, can’t move your knee, or notice swelling around the knee, see the best Orthopaedic surgeons in Kansas City, Drisko, Fee and Parkins, immediately.
Common Leg Fractures
There are many kinds of leg bone fractures. Fractures of the thighbone that occur just above the knee joint are called distal femur fractures. The distal femur is where the bone flares out like an upside-down funnel. These usually occur in the very old due to weak bones or younger people due to high-energy injuries like car accidents. The femur itself, although it is the largest and strongest bone in your body, can break as well.
Because quite a bit of force is required, the main cause of femoral shaft breaks is car accidents or falls from height. A fracture of the upper tibia (shin bone) is called a proximal tibia fracture and could cause injury to both the bone and the soft tissues surrounding the knee.
Of all the long bones in the body (the femur, tibia, fibula, and humerus) the tibia is fractured most often. Growth plate fractures can cause problems in children. These are places near the ends of the long bones that regulate and determine the length and shape of the bone when it is mature.
If these areas are damaged, the growth of that bone could be halted causing major problems. The last kind of fracture is a stress fracture. These occur when the muscles that support the bones get weakened from overuse and they pass the stress on to the bones. Stress fractures usually occur in the lower legs and feet and are usually caused by playing sports.
Common Leg Injuries
The thigh has three sets of strong muscles: the hamstring muscles in the back of the thigh, the quadriceps muscles in the front, and the adductor muscles on the inside. Any of these muscles can tear if stretched beyond its limit, but hamstring pulls or tears are very common in athletes. The muscle in the front of the thigh can tear as well. There are three hamstring muscles that travel down the back of the thigh.
They are connected to the tendons where the tendons are connected to the bones. When you injure a hamstring, you will feel immediate pain. You may also notice swelling, bruising, and weakness in the muscle. A doctor may use x-rays or MRIs to determine the extent of damage. Non-surgical treatment is usually recommended.
Common Leg Diseases and Syndromes
Besides fractures and injuries, the physicians at DFP Orthopaedic Surgery are also experts in diseases and syndromes. Some of these include:
- Arthritis of the Knee
- Bowed Legs
- Burning Thigh Pain
- Compartment Syndrome
- Discoid Meniscus
- Knee Tendon Bursitis
- Kneecap Bursitis
- Shin Splints
- Runner’s Knee
- Osgood-Schlatter Disease
- Osteoonecrosis of the Knee
Call DFP today and our orthopaedic doctors will have you moving again in no time.